Temperature Dependence of Association Constants of LiAlCl4 in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide

Robert Hartl,1 Roland Neueder2 and Heiner J. Gores1,*

1 University of Regensburg, Institute for Theoretical and Physical Chemistry, Workgroup Electrochemistry and Electrolytes, 93053 Regensburg, Germany
2 University of Regensburg, Institute for Theoretical and Physical Chemistry, 93053 Regensburg, Germany
* Corresponding author: E-mail:

In this work the conductivities of LiAlCl4 in dilute sulfur dioxide solutions were measured in the temperature range 238.15 K to 288.15 K. The major challenge of these measurements was the handling of the very water sensitive salt LiAlCl4 and the formulation of sulfur dioxide solutions at low salt concentrations. These low concentration solutions are needed to obtain association constants of the salt and thermodynamic parameters using the low concentration chemical model developed by J. Barthel. The viscosities of liquid sulfur dioxide were also measured in the temperature range 231.46 K to 257.98 K. Unexpectedly, the determined association constants of LiAlCl4 in liquid sulfur dioxide are very small ranging from 42 at 238.15 K to 354 dm3 mol–1 at 288.15 K. This result shows that the lithium-ion solvent interaction is much stronger when compared with the interaction of the lithium-ion with the weakly coordinating anion tetrachloroaluminate, in contrast to lithium halides in liquid sulfur dioxide where association constants up to 96000 dm3 mol–1 are observed.

Keywords: Non aqueous solutions, electric conductivity, lithium tetrachloroaluminate, ion association, sulfur dioxide