Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline α-(bis(2-hydroxyethyl) amino)-ω-(4’-nitroazobenzene-4-oxy) Alkane Hydrochlorides

Miroslav Huskić* and Majda Žigon

National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
* Corresponding author: E-mail:

We investigated the liquid crystalline hydrochlorides α-(bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)-ω-(4’-nitroazobenzene-4-oxy)alkanes with different spacer lengths (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 methylene units). LC properties were determined by thermal analysis (DSC), polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). DSC thermograms exhibit only melting peak with no LC transitions. LC phase was observed with POM and confirmed by XRD. All hydrochlorides form a smectic phase that is stable up to 220 °C where isotropization proceeds simultaneously with degradation.

Keywords: Liquid crystalline, hydrochlorides, thermotropic, diethanolamine.